Occupational Health

Occupational Health



Occupational Health Manual January 2019

Jan 01, 2019 | Chemical Pathology

Occupational health is a multi-dimensional field, encompassing science, social progress, economics, law, employment studies, and issues common to every family. The health and safety of people at work is a critical concern for all societies and all countries....

Workplace Carcinogens - Metals Part II: Detoxification Of Metals

Nov 01, 2018 | Chemical Pathology

Cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As) and nickel (Ni) are some of the most widely-studied heavy metals, for their roles in oxidative stress. These metals are classified as Group 1 carcinogens to humans, according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).2 The major cancer sites are lung, bladder, skin, nasal cavity and sinuses. Together with environmental pollution that causes excessive exposure to heavy metals, occupational exposure increases heavy metal body burden. Detoxification methods should be investigated, and implemented as part of medical surveillance programmes....

Workplace Carcinogens - Metals Part I: Carcinogenesis

Jul 31, 2018 | Chemical Pathology

Exposure to heavy metals represents a significant health concern in the workplace. These metals have the ability to induce a number of adverse health effects but their role in carcinogenesis is of most concern. Metals as workplace carcinogens will be discussed in two parts. Part I will focus on the mechanism of carcinogenesis, and Part II will focus on oxidative stress and the role that antioxidants can play in the prevention of occupational cancer....

Cadmium

May 31, 2018 | Genetics

Cadmium (Cd) is a naturally occurring heavy metal that usually complexes with other elements, such as zinc, lead and chloride....

Occupational Cancer: Benzene

Mar 31, 2018 | Chemical Pathology

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, with around 14 million new cases in 2012.1 Cancer accounted for 8.8 million deaths in 2015.2 Several risk factors play a role in the development of cancer....

Lead Exposure

Nov 30, 2017 | Chemical Pathology

Inorganic lead is a cumulative toxic metal found ubiquitously in the environment and was one of the first metals to be used in industry. Hence, occupational diseases associated with lead exposure were the first to be described. Workers are exposed to lead during production, use, maintenance, recycling and disposal of lead material and products. Exposure is encountered in various industrial sectors such as construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, transportation and remediation, and even through hobbies....

International Wellness Trends

May 31, 2017 | Chemical Pathology

People are living and working longer and, for the first time in history, five generations will be working side by side. Even though the lives of workers have changed, society’s idea about what constitutes an ideal worker has not....

Substance Abuse In The Workplace

May 31, 2017 | Chemical Pathology

Substance abuse in the workplace is becoming increasingly common. Work performance can be severely affected, resulting in huge costs to the employer. Substance abuse is a dismissible offence according to the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA)....