Haematology is the branch of Pathology concerned with blood and bone marrow disease.

Blood contains various cells which perform different functions:

  • Red Blood Cells: transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body
  • White Blood Cells: responsible for the body’s immune response. There are several different types of white blood cells. Some respond to allergic reactions, others actively kill bacteria, to name but a few.
  • Platelets: These are not true cells but are tiny cell fragments, but they are no less important! Platelets are important for wound healing and are vital in the body’s clotting processes.

Each of the cells listed above, or the organs which produce them, can experience problems which require an accurate diagnosis.

Haematology involves testing the blood (and sometimes the cell-producing locations, like the bone marrow) in order to diagnose various blood disorders.

Some examples of blood disorders and malignancies include types of haemophilia, leukaemia, lymphoma, thalassemia and various forms of anaemia.

In addition to the standard full blood count, we also perform tests that can diagnose haematological malignancies, bleeding disorders, thrombotic tendencies, haemoglobinopathies and transfusion-related complications.

Our Haematology Pathologists specialize in the physiology, pathology, aetiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of blood-related disorders.

Our Haematologists provide valuable diagnostic and treatment support to doctors.

In addition, we offer an INR monitoring and dosing service for patients on warfarin therapy (a drug used to prevent blood clots).

Links & Resources

SASH - South African Society of Haematology

A non-profit organization aiming to bring together professionals in all branches of haematology including haematology pathologists, clinical haematologists, registrars, nurses, scientists and technologists. Read more